Wild mustard – Sinapis arvensis

Wild mustard plants

Wild mustard plants

Wild mustard stem

Wild mustard stem

Wild mustard flower

Wild mustard flower

Wild mustard fruit

Wild mustard fruit

Wild mustard leaf

Wild mustard leaf

Wild mustard rosette

Wild mustard rosette

Wild mustard

Sinapis arvensis L.
Brassicaceae (Mustard family)

Life cycle
Erect winter or summer annual.

Leaves
Seedlings have smooth, kidney-shaped cotyledons and prominently veined, bristly hairy leaves that initially develop from a basal rosette. Lower leaves are irregularly lobed and toothed with petioles; upper leaves are alternate, stalkless to short-stalked with coarsely toothed margins and pointed tips, gradually becoming smaller toward the top.

Stems
Erect, up to 3-foot-tall stems bolt from a basal rosette to flower. Stems are bristly hairy at the base, often branched and nearly hairless at the top.

Flowers and fruit
Bright yellow flowers with four petals are found in terminal clusters. Fruit are 1- to 2-inch-long, cylinder-shaped capsules with a four-angled beak at the tip that contain round, black to purple seeds.

Reproduction
Seeds.