Velvetleaf – Abutilon theophrasti

 

 

Velvetleaf fruit & flower

Velvetleaf fruit & flower

Velvetleaf plant

Velvetleaf plant

Velvetleaf seedling

Velvetleaf seedling

Velvetleaf

Abutilon theophrasti Medicus
Malvaceae (Mallow family)

Life cycle
Erect summer annual. nearly as wide with narrow, pointed tips and long, slender petioles. Leaves have round-toothed margins and softly hairy surfaces that feel velvety.

Leaves
Seedlings have one heart-shaped cotyledon and one nearly round cotyledon with short hairs on both surfaces. Leaves are alternate, broadly heart-shaped, 3 to 8 inches long and nearly as wide with narrow, pointed tips and long, slender petioles. Leaves have round-toothed margins and softly hairy surfaces that feel velvety.

Stems
Erect, up to 7-foot-tall stems with little branching are covered with short, velvety hairs and may persist through the winter.

Flowers and fruit
Yellow to yellow-orange five-petaled flowers form solitarily on short stalks in the upper leaf axils. Fruit are approximately 1-inchwide, bowl-shaped, green capsules that turn dark brown at maturity. Each capsule has nine to 15 compartments, each containing three to nine grayish brown, somewhat flattened and notched seeds.

Reproduction
Seeds.