Horseweed (marestail) – Conyza canadensis

Horseweed plant

Horseweed plant

New horseweed flowerhead

New horseweed flowerhead

Horseweed flowers

Horseweed flowers

Horseweed rosette

Horseweed rosette

Horseweed (marestail)

Conyza canadensis (L.) Cronq.
Asteraceae (Aster family)

Life cycle
Erect winter or summer annual.

Leaves
Cotyledons are egg- to spatula-shaped and hairless. Seedling leaves initially develop from a basal rosette; mature leaves are alternate and numerous, and crowded along an erect central stem. Leaves are hairy and linear to lance-shaped with smooth to toothed margins, gradually becoming smaller toward the top of the plant.

Stems
Erect, hairy central stem arises from a basal rosette, then branches to flower, reaching up to 7 feet tall. Flowering branches resemble a horse’s tail.

Flowers and fruit
Numerous clusters of small, white flower heads are found on many short branches near the top. Each seedhead is capable of producing thousands of small seeds; each seed is enclosed in a single-seeded, wind-disseminated fruit.

Reproduction
Seeds.