Horsenettle – Solanum carolinense

Field shot of horsenettle

Field shot of horsenettle

Horsenettle fruit

Horsenettle fruit

Horsenettle leaf

Horsenettle leaf

Horsenettle plant

Horsenettle plant

Horsenettle spines

Horsenettle spines

Horsenettle

Solanum carolinense L.
Solanaceae (Nightshade family)

Life cycle
Spreading to erect, patch-forming perennial.

Leaves
Alternate, egg-shaped, shallowly to deeply lobed, 2 to 5 inches long with sharp, prominent prickles on the leaf veins, midveins and petioles. Star-shaped hairs are present on both leaf surfaces.

Stems
Spreading to erect, herbaceous stems with multiple branching, up to 3 feet in height. Stemshave sharp, prominent prickles and star-shaped hairs.

Flowers and fruit
Flowers are white to pale purple, star-shaped with five petals fused at the base and found in clusters on prickly flowering stalks. Flower centers consist of bright yellow, cone-shaped anthers. Berries are yellow at maturity, globe-shaped, wrinkled and approximately 0.5 inch across, and contain up to 170 seeds.

Reproduction
Seeds and deeply penetrating vertical to horizontal creeping roots.

Toxicity
All plant parts are toxic to animals.