English ivy – Hedera helix

English ivy leaf

English ivy leaf

Ivy rooting at nodes

Ivy rooting at nodes

English ivy growing on tree

English ivy growing on tree

New growth

New growth

English ivy

Hedera helix L.
Araliaceae (Ginseng family)

Life cycle
Climbing, evergreen perennial vine.

Leaves
Alternate, evergreen leaves are dark green, leathery and waxy with white veins. Leaves may be unlobed to three- to five-lobed, depending on the maturity of the plant.

Stems
High climbing, woody vines are supported by aerial roots. Stems may be extremely long and reach up to 1 foot in diameter on old plants.

Flowers and fruit
White to green flowers are small and inconspicuous. Berrylike fruit are black and contain few seeds. The flowers and fruit are rarely seen.

Reproduction
Seeds and root sprouts.