Canada goldenrod – Solidago canadensis

Canada goldenrod flower

Canada goldenrod flower

Clump of Canada goldenrod

Clump of Canada goldenrod

Canada goldenrod rosette

Canada goldenrod rosette

Canada goldenrod leaf

Canada goldenrod leaf

Canada goldenrod

Solidago canadensis L. var. scabra Torr. & Gray
Asteraceae (Aster family)

Life cycle
Clump-forming, rhizomatous perennial.

Leaves
Leaves initially develop from a basal rosette. Leaves are alternate, lance-shaped, tapering at both ends, stalkless, usually with toothed margins. Leaves are numerous and crowded along the stem, with soft hairs below and smooth above.

Stems
Erect, up to 7 feet tall with little to no branching. Dense hairs present.

Flowers and fruit
Golden-yellow flowers are found in dense, pyramid-shaped, paniclelike clusters. The seed is enclosed in a single-seeded, wind-disseminated fruit.

Reproduction
Seeds and extensive creeping rhizomes.