Broadleaf plantain – Plantago major

Broadleaf plantain rosette

Broadleaf plantain rosette

Broadleaf plantain seedling

Broadleaf plantain seedling

Broadleaf plantain flower

Broadleaf plantain flower

Broadleaf plantain

Plantago major L.
Plantaginaceae (Plantain family)

Life cycle
Rosette-forming simple perennial.

Leaves
All leaves originate from a basal rosette. Cotyledons are long and spatula-shaped. Leaves are generally smooth and broadly to narrowly oval, with parallel veins and smooth to slightly wavy leaf margins. Leaf base tapers to a distinct petiole. Petioles are usually green but occasionally pale pink.

Stems
No visible aboveground stem. Short taproot present.

Flowers and fruit
Leafless stalks bear long, dense, cylinder-shaped flowering spikes and fruit resembling a rat tail. Single flowers are inconspicuous.Fruiting capsules yield many narrowly oval, usually glossy brown seeds.

Reproduction
Seeds.