Apple-and-thorn skeletonizer (Choreutis pariana)
This little known, tiny caterpillar was a widespread pest of ornamental crabapple trees 15 years ago. But since then, it has virtually disappeared from the landscape scene. Besides crabapple, it also feeds on apple, birch, cherry, hawthorn, willow and mountain ash. This insect is known to occur from Virginia to northern California and north into parts of Canada. It is reported to be a serious pest of commercial apple orchards in British Columbia. The adult is rather pretty little moth about a 1/4 of inch long with the wings brown with hints of gray and somewhat sculpted at the tips. The wings are held flat over the abdomen in a distinctive "V" or delta-shaped posture. The AATS develops from egg to adult very quickly and four generations may occur in a single season. In the spring, the overwintering moths begin to lay eggs shortly after the leaves unfold. After hatching, the tiny caterpillar begins feeding on the lower surface of the leaf under a loose covering of silk. Later, it moves to the upper surface where it ties the edges of the leaf together, forming a protective shelter. Here the caterpillar feeds on the tissue between the veins giving the leaf a lace-like or "skeletonized" appearance. Severely damaged leaves may prematurely drop from the tree. During warm weather, the AATS may complete its life cycle in 30 days or less. To control AATS on ornamental trees, apply sprays of Sevin or Malathion to the foliage beginning in late May and repeat treatment if the small caterpillars reappear. Use Malathion or Ortho Home Fruit Spray on fruit trees.
Be sure to read and follow all instructions and safety precautions found on the label before using any pesticide.